Information About Jim Corbett National Park
Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, in the State of Uttarakhand, Corbett National Park is haven for wildlife lovers in India. The present area of the Reserve is 1318.54 sq. km. including 520 sq. km. of core area and 797.72 sq. km. of buffer area. The core area forms the Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests (496.54 sq.km.) as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (301.18 sq.km.) Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands provide an excellent view of its rich eco system.
one of India's most beautiful wildlife areas has a tiger population of around 160, which makes this park as the last and the most important bastion of this endangered species. The park's 1318.54 square kilometers of virgin forest and jungle are home to numerous other species of fauna. The rich biodiversity of the park is a perfect place for bird enthusiasts; the area is considered one of the best bird-watching areas in India, with some 600 species having been sighted in the park.
The different habitat types of Corbett i.e. mountains, Sal forests, chaurs (grasslands), khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. More than 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboos, grasses, climbers and ferns have been identified in the Park. The most visible trees found in Corbett are Sal, Sissoo and Khair. Many other species that contribute to the diversity are found scattered throughout the park. Chir Pine is the only conifer of the Park and is found on ridge-tops. The upper reaches near Kanda ridge have Oak growing, which is essentially a Himalayan species. Other major tree species are Bel, Kusum, Mahua, Bakli.
Total Area of the Jim Corbett National Park: 1,288.32 sq. km Corbett National Park : 520.82 sq. km Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary: 301.18 sq. km Reserve Forest: 466.32 sq. km Altitude: 400 mt. - 1200 mt.
Main flora in the Jim Corbett National Park
Sal, khair, ber, kuthber, bel, chbilla, dhak, semal, khingan, kharpat, rohini, bakli, pula, bamboo.
Mammals at Jim Corbett National Park:
Tiger, leopard, elephant, spotted deer, sambar, nilgai, hog deer, barking deer, sloth bear, wild boar, ghural, langur and rhesus monkey.
Birds at Jim Corbett National Park:
Peacock, pheasant, pigeon, owl, hornbill, barbet, lark, myna, magpie, minivet, patridge, thrush, tit, nuthatch, wagtail, sunbird, bunting, oriole, kingfisher, drongo, dove, woodpecker, duck, teal, eagle, stork, cormorant, falcon, bulbul, flycatcher, red start and gull.
Reptiles at Jim Corbett National Park:
Indian marsh crocodile or mugger, gharial, king cobra, common krait, cobra, Russels viper, python and monitor lizard.
History of Jim Corbett National Park
Till 1820 Private property of local rulers.
1820 Ownership passed into British hands.
1820- 1850 Forests mercilessly felled for timber by British rulers.
1858 Plan drawn up for protecting the forests.
1879 Declared as reserved forests.
1884 Jim Corbett shoots his first leopard.
1900-1910 Jim Corbett leads shikar parties and kills two man-eaters.
1910 Jim Corbett gives up killing as mere sport and becomes the savior of the villagers, defending them from man-eaters.
1934 The Park is declared a National Park and Corbett helps define the boundaries.
1935-1936 It was set up as the first National Park under United Provinces National Parks Act. It was named the Hailey National Park, after Sir Malcolm Hailey, the Governor of United Provinces.
1954 With independence it was renamed as the Ramganga National Park.
1955 Jim Corbett died at Nyeri.
1957 The park is renamed in honor of his memory
1973 The Park becomes the first Tiger Reserve of India under Project Tiger.
1974 Inauguration of Tiger Project.
1986 Corbett National park celebrates its Golden Jubilee.
1996 Diamond Jubilee of its existence as Corbett national park.
1998 year of Project Tiger.
9 Nov. 2000 Became part of Uttarakhand and now Uttarakhand state.